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Edunatural (10)– the Islamic way to educate children (Attempt to define Education from Islamic perspective-1).

17 Apr


Assalamu Alaikum,

Let us move to defining education from our perspective. Two things have to be considered for this definition:

  1. Natural growth of a child.
  2. The preparation of Khalifat ullah fil ard (Creator’s vicegerent) in all aspects of living here.

So we define education as a process through which a child/person is developed in all respects to discharge her/his duty most efficiently as Khalifa (vicegerent) of the Creator

Subsidiary definitions can be:

  1. The formal and informal processes of preparing a person to succeed in this life as well as in a’akhira (next life).
  2. The process of developing realization of the Creator by reflecting on His Ayahs (manisfestations)—developing Taqwa (God consciousness)
  3. The process of inculcating adab and tehzeeb in a person.
  4. The process of personality development
  5. Transferring of culture and traditions from one generation to another; thus maintaining national identity.
  6. The process of developing various life skills.
  7. Etc. etc

I will request the members to add to these subsidiary definitions.

The issue is that the education was not a word used before a few centuries. This was basically introduced in the present educational realm. Earlier in the Islamic world Tarbiyah, Taleem and Tadeeb were used for this process.

Tarbiyah is derived from raba meaning to grow, or to increase and refers to individual potential and the process of nurturing and guiding young people to maturity.

Taleem is derived from alima, which means to know or to be informed and refers to the imparting and receiving of knowledge, usually through teaching.

Tadeeb is derived from Aduba, which conveys the sense of being refined, disciplined, or cultured. Tadeeb refers to the process of character development and learning the principles of social and moral behavior within the community.

“In summary then, Islamic education covers individual development and God-consciousness, the transmission of knowledge, and the development of an understanding of society and its social and moral rules. This comprehensive approach to education means that no aspect of a Muslim’s life can remain untouched by religion, and thus the acquisition of knowledge and education is, quite simply, a religious duty. Ultimately education is necessary in order to attain success in this life and the next (Muslim Childhood: Religious Nurture in a European Context,  By Jonathan Scourfield, Sophie Gilliat-Ray, Asma Khan, Sameh Otri).

I will go a step further to say that actually the success of next life is dependent on the success in this life from Islamic context. Success is a relative word and will be different for each thinking group. The scope of education as a process is dependent on how you understand and define education. if we define as preparing a person for a trade or profession, we will just design education for this purpose, the whole structure will be accordingly erected, and if it is for the success of a’akhira we will design it accordingly. So defining education incorrectly has its great consequences, as is the case with contemporary education. I request you all to please provide me with your feedbacks and where felt add your understanding of education to what has been said.

Br. Abid